What can I do with an overactive bladder?

Tired mother sit on couch, work on laptop at home, hyperactive little kid jumping drawing attention.

The bladder collects urine from the kidneys and expels it when it is full. If the bladder is overactive, the person cannot control when they decide to urinate and the number of times during the day.

The condition occurs when a person's bladder squeezes frequently or without warning. As a result, you may have to go to the bathroom more often or leak urine.
This condition is usually the result of a miscommunication between the brain and the bladder. The brain tells the bladder that it is time to squeeze and empty, but the bladder is not full. Consequently, the bladder begins to contract.

This causes a strong need to urinate.
Although this condition can be common, it does not have to mean that a person has to live with the symptoms. There are many treatments available that can help people reduce their symptoms.


An overactive bladder will cause a host of symptoms, all of which can affect a person's quality of life.

An overactive bladder can cause a number of different symptoms, including urinating more than eight times a day and leaking urine when the urge to urinate arises.
Some examples of these symptoms are:

  • urination frequency: A person will urinate more than eight times a day.
  • The symptoms of the disease are as follows
  • nocturia: A person cannot sleep through the night without waking up to urinate, usually once or twice.
  • Usually, a person cannot sleep through the night without waking up to urinate.
  • urinary urgency: The person experiences a sudden and uncontrollable need to urinate.
  • Symptoms of the disease are: headache, back pain, headache, headache, neck pain, headache.
  • urinary incontinence: A person will leak urine when they experience the urge to urinate.

A person with an overactive bladder may often feel that they cannot completely empty their bladder. They may go to the bathroom and then feel like they need to go again a very short time later.
Doctors divide overactive bladder into two types based on its symptoms. The first type is dry overactive bladder. According to Cedars-Sinai Hospital, an estimated two-thirds of people with overactive bladders have the dry variety.
The second type is wet overactive bladder. People with this condition experience bladder leakage. People with an overactive, dry bladder do not have the symptoms of leakage.

Risk factor's

Some patients may pass off their overactive bladder symptoms as a natural part of aging. However, aging is not the only risk factor that could increase a person's risk of experiencing an overactive bladder.
Other risk factors are:

  • Nerve damage due to a history of surgery
  • trauma to the upper body or pelvis that damages the bladder
  • have a condition known as normal pressure hydrocephalus, a cause of dementia
  • have a urinary tract infection
  • History of bladder or prostate cancer
  • history of bladder stones
  • History of conditions that affect neurological function, such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, or stroke
  • have passed the menopause
  • eating a diet rich in foods that make the bladder more “irritable” or likely to be overactive

Some examples of the types of food that can cause an overactive bladder are caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods.
A doctor may not be able to say why a person is experiencing symptoms of overactive bladder. Symptoms may seem to occur spontaneously.

When to go to the doctor

Although overactive bladder is not thought to be a life-threatening condition, it can greatly affect a person's quality of life. There are many treatments to reduce symptoms, although doctors cannot cure the disease.
Waking up at night to go to the bathroom can be a sign of an overactive bladder. If symptoms persist, it may be advisable to see a healthcare professional.
Some examples of signs that a person should seek treatment for an overactive bladder are when:

  • a person cannot sleep through the night without waking up to go to the bathroom
  • a person uses the bathroom more than eight times a day
  • a person frequently experiences sudden urges to urinate and is rarely able to go to the bathroom
  • a person experiences urine leakage regularly

Sometimes a person may experience these symptoms and yet not realize the degree to which they have them. There are several tools that can help assess the likelihood that symptoms may be related to overactive bladder.
Some examples of these tools are:

  • An online questionnaire on the symptoms and severity of overactive bladder, offered by the American Urological Association.
  • A “bladder diary” a person can keep of the foods and drinks they consume, as well as how often they go to the bathroom and symptoms, such as urinary urgency and incontinence.
  • Smartphone apps, which a person can download, that help keep a bladder diary by tracking how much you drink, the number of bathroom visits, and urine leakage.
  • Using these tools can help keep track of how regular someone's symptoms are and sometimes confirm that the symptoms are a cause for concern.
  • However, a person should always see their doctor if they have bladder symptoms that concern them.

lifestyle remedies

Some foods and drinks are known to contribute to bladder irritation. As a result, making lifestyle changes can help a person reduce the likelihood that they will experience OAB symptoms.
[img]Share on PinterestLimiting alcohol and caffeine intake, as well as quitting smoking, can be recommended lifestyle changes.
Some examples of measures to take are:

  • Limit your intake of caffeine and alcohol, which can stimulate the bladder.
  • Keep a healthy weight. Excess weight can put too much pressure on a person's bladder.
  • Keep a healthy weight.
  • Increase fiber intake, which can reduce the risk of constipation and the likelihood of an overactive bladder.
  • Adjust fluid intake so that a person does not drink as much fluid at night. This helps decrease the chance that they will wake up at night with the need to urinate.
  • Quit smoking, as the smoke can be irritating to the bladder.

Medical treatment

A doctor can recommend many treatments for an overactive bladder, including medications, diet changes, and physical therapy. In rare cases, a doctor may recommend more invasive measures to treat the condition.
Doctors can prescribe a number of medications to treat overactive bladder. These medications are often known as antispasmodics or anticholinergics. They reduce the incidence of muscle spasms, such as those of the bladder.
Some examples of these medications are:

  • oxybutynin (Ditropan)
  • solfienacin (Vesicare)
  • tolterodine (Detrol)
  • trospium (Sanctura)

These medications are not without their side effects, such as dry mouth and constipation. People should always talk to their doctor about possible side effects.

therapeutic treatments

There are several therapeutic treatments for overactive bladder. One example is bladder training. This is a method used to strengthen the bladder muscles by delaying urination. Bladder training should only be done with the advice and direction of a physician.
Pelvic floor exercises and vaginal weight training are also therapeutic methods used to strengthen the bladder muscles. Specialists, called pelvic floor therapists, can instruct the person in these exercises.

More invasive approaches

Doctors use botulinum toxin injections (such as BOTOX) to reduce muscle spasms in the bladder. However, this may require further injections after a few months as the toxin wears off.
If a person's overactive bladder doesn't respond to medications, therapy, or other noninvasive treatments, the doctor may recommend surgery.
An example is the implantation of a sacral nerve stimulator. This stimulator can help control nerve impulses to the bladder, making the muscles less hyperactive.
Another option is a procedure known as augmentation cytoplasty. It involves replacing parts of a person's bladder with intestinal tissue. As a result, a person's bladder is better able to tolerate a larger volume of urine.

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